Created by artists Aaron Robinson and Holly Grace, Flow is a kinetic wind sculpture tells the story of Bakery Hill’s history through contemporary symbolism.
It’s connection to the Eureka Stockade and the series of events that unfolded in the 1850’s that was to become the turning point in Australian history.
The placement of each turbine within this artwork mirrors a point of history in the events that led up to the Eureka Stockade. It is a visual timeline that can be read by traversing the site.
The connecting turbines that flow and turn in sync are a representation of time passing. They are a symbol of the community’s connection to their history.
June: James Esmond makes the first discovery of gold in Victoria at Clunes
1 July: The Port Phillip District separates from New South Wales and becomes the Colony of Victoria, although it is still subject to British rule
August: Gold is discovered at Buninyong and at Golden Point, Ballarat. Lt-Governor La Trobe introduces the Gold Licence system in an attempt to reduce the colony’s debt
20 September: First gold licences issued in Ballarat
August: Eureka Lead discovered on the Ballarat goldfields
December: Charles La Trobe resigns as Lt-Governor, but he is not relieved until 1854
July – December: Unrest builds on the various goldfields with protest meetings held in Bendigo and Castlemaine. Bendigo’s Red Ribbon Movement is active on the goldfields and the Bendigo Petition is presented to Lt-Governor
December: Charles Hotham is appointed Lt-Governor
March: A bill to extend the Elective Franchise is passed by the Legislative Council and sent to London for the assent of the British Parliament
22 June: Lt-Governor Sir Charles Hotham arrives in Victoria. The colony faces mounting debt and Hotham orders weekly licence hunts in an attempt to increase income
August: Hotham is acclaimed during his visit to the Ballarat goldfield.
13 September: Hotham orders twice-weekly licence hunts to further increase revenue.
September – October: Miners are experiencing problems – no shafts bottomed on the Eureka Lead for five weeks
7 October: James Scobie is murdered outside the Eureka Hotel. Many diggers believe that publican James Bentley is responsible
9 October: At Scobie’s inquest, Bentley is acquitted, despite strong evidence of his guilt
10 October: Father Smythe’s servant is beaten up by authorities and falsely arrested for not holding a licence
15 October: Mass meeting of miners on Bakery Hill. Catholic miners meet after Mass.