PAFlow WebCreated by artists Aaron Robinson and Holly Grace,Flow, is a kinetic wind sculpture tells the story of Bakery Hill’s history through contemporary symbolism.  

It’s connection to the Eureka Stockade and the series of events that unfolded in the 1850’s was to become the turning point in Australian history.

The placement of each turbine within this artwork mirrors a point of history in the events that led up to the Eureka Stockade. It is a visual timeline that can be read by traversing the site.

The connecting turbines that flow and turn in sync are a representation of time passing. They are a symbol of the community’s connection to their history.


James Esmond makes the first discovery of gold in Victoria at Clunes

1st July 

The Port Phillip District separates from New South Wales and becomes the Colony of Victoria, It is still subject to British rule.


Gold is discovered at Buninyong and at Golden Point, Ballarat. Lt-Governor La Trobe introduces the Gold Licence system in an attempt to reduce the colony’s debt.

20th September

First gold licences issued in Ballarat



Eureka Lead discovered on the Ballarat goldfields

Charles La Trobe resigns as Lt-Governor but he is not relieved until 1854

July – December

Unrest builds on the various goldfields with protest meetings held in Bendigo and Castlemaine. Bendigo’s Red Ribbon Movement is active on the goldfields and the Bendigo Petition is presented to Lt-Governor.


Charles Hotham is appointed Lt-Governor



A bill to extend the Elective Franchise is passed by the Legislative Council and sent to London for the assent of the British Parliament.

22nd June

Lt-Governor Sir Charles Hotham arrives in Victoria. The colony faces mounting debt and Hotham orders weekly licence hunts in an attempt to increase income.


Hotham is acclaimed during his visit to the Ballarat goldfield.

13th September

Hotham orders twice-weekly licence hunts to further increase revenue.

September – October

Miners are experiencing problems – no shafts bottomed on the Eureka Lead for five weeks.

7th October

James Scobie is murdered outside the Eureka Hotel. Many diggers believe that publican James Bentley is responsible.

9th October

At Scobie’s inquest, Bentley is acquitted, despite strong evidence of his guilt.

10th October

Father Smythe’s servant is beaten up by authorities and falsely arrested for not holding a licence.

15th October

Mass meeting of miners on Bakery Hill. Catholic miners meet after Mass.